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Modellprojekt Wohnortnahe berufliche Rehabilitation von Frauen - Wissenschaftliche Begleitung
Ausgehend vom BMA-Forschungsbericht Nr. 177 'Frauen in der beruflichen Rehabilitation' hat die BAR zwei Arbeitstagungen zu diesem Thema durchgeführt und auf deren Grundlage ein Konzept für Modellvorhaben zur beruflichen Integration von behinderten Frauen entwickelt.
Im Rahmen des Modellprojekts sollen Umschulungen in den Berufsfeldern erfolgen, die nach Befragung von Experten des Arbeitsmarktes in der Region mittel- und langfristig günstige Vermittlungsperspektiven bieten.
Die wissenschaftliche Begleitforschung soll Aufschluß geben,
- ob und in welchem Umfang ein derartiges wohnortnahes betriebliches Angebot den Zugang von Frauen zur beruflichen Rehabilitation fördert und erleichtert,
- ob die geplante Konzeption in den einzelnen Modulen insgesamt hinreichend flexibel und praktikabel ist und
- ob die Vermittlung in den allgemeinen Arbeitsmarkt durch eine solche betriebliche Maßnahme wesentlich verbessert werden kann.
Gefördertes Projekt / Modellprojekt
Bundesministerium für Arbeit und Sozialordnung - BMA (jetzt: BMAS)
Pilot project vocational rehabilitation of woman close to their place of residence - A scientific study
As a result of the investigatory report Nr. 177 of the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs ' Woman in Vocational Rehabilitation', the 'BAR' led two working sessions on this subject and from this developed a concept for a model procedure for the vocational integration of disabled women.
The setup of this pilot project will offer retraining in vocational areas which according to the survey of experts on the labour market represent favorable middle and long- term job placement prospects in the region.
The accompanying scientific research should give information on:
- whether and to which degree an offer of work with accesibility to place of residence encourages and facilitates access to vocational rehabilitation for the women,
- whether the planned concept is overall sufficiently flexible and practical in the single modules and
- whether the transfer to the general labour market can be improved by a business measure such as this.
ABSTRACT 6TH EUROPEAN CONGRESS ON RESEARCH IN REHABILITATION
The pilot project has been initiated by the Federal Rehabilitation Council (BAR) to solve the problem of under-representation of women in employment.
Dr. Mathilde Niehaus from the University of Oldenburg is responsible for the evaluation of this project which is sponsored by the Minister of Employment and Social Order and by the Federal Employment Office. The evaluation lasts five (1996-2000) years and covers the measure from beginning to end. The important questions of evaluation are:
whether and to what extent such an offer close to their own home makes it easier for women to participate in rehabilitation measures
whether the conception with its separate modules is altogether adequately flexible and practicable
whether the chance of placement on the labour market can be enhanced significantly.
The answers to these questions are one of the important points that influenced the Minister's decision whether to continue this kind of rehabilitation measure or not.
The data base will be information of qualitative interviews with the stakeholder on this project like the women, the trainers and the rehabilitation advisers from the employment office and the analysis of statistic material.
Due to the independence of all participants the results will be showing the different aims of the different groups.
The model runs in three Federal Countries: Sachsen-Anhalt, Hessen and Rheinland-Pfalz. On the whole 67 women are participating. Until this moment we have finished interviews with all participants before running the measure, a quantitative questioning of the participating women and telephone-interviews with those who dropped out.
Some results of women's interviews and statistical material show that:
There is a difference between East and West Germans at the time of being without work before running the pilot project, and with regard to the number of children. All East Germans have been unemployed for a longer time than the West Germans and almost all of them have children. All of the women want to work and employment is an important part of their life-planning.
There is a difference concerning the priority: for some of them employment is at the top, while others try to manage family affairs and employment, and some regard their family as the most important issue. A lot of women prefer being close to their home because of their families and their social network; some of them would have started a training programme away from their home as the last option, but they are very happy to get it this way. All women need the job for their self-esteem. Therefore they are very motivated.
From these results you may see, that women in East-Germany have different life plans from women in West-Germany, because they join the measure despite of having children. Another point is the bad economic status of the eastern employment market, which is shown by the long periods of women's unemployment. This is of course an aspect of life planning, too. Most of the women in West-Germany would not have participated in this kind of measure under such conditions, which is shown by the structure of the group. '