in Projekten blättern
Angaben zum Forschungsprojekt
Berufliche Qualifizierungsinitiative für Menschen mit Behinderungen in Werkstätten für Behinderte in Bayern
(Kongreßbeitrag ECRR 1998)
Gefördertes Projekt / Modellprojekt
Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Familie, Arbeit und Soziales
früher: Bayerisches Staatsministerium für Arbeit, Familie und
Vocational qualification initiative for people with disabilities in sheltered workshops for the disabled in Bavaria, Germany
Aim of the continuation of this pilot projects is to integrate severely disabled people in sheltered workshops for the disabled who are suitable for a vocational qualification into the general job market. As well as the vocational qualification contents and methods, personality training elements and cultural abilities of the participants should be trained and encouraged. In order to ensure support of the disabled appropriate for the participants and related to the job market, the training of the specialist social worker staff in all teaching questions and company needs is included in the concept. The specialist support (bgz) within the framework of the project together with the institutions supporting the project take over the coordination and partially the carrying out of the qualification units and coordinate the national cooperation and the incorporation of all those agencies concerned with vocational rehabilitation.
ABSTRACT 6TH EUROPEAN CONGRESS ON RESEARCH IN REHABILITATION
'The discussion about the vocational integration for people with disabilities got a new dimension, when 1985 the first work assistance agencies in Germany, based on the American concept of supported employment (s.e.), were started. Today more than 120 supported employment initiatives exist nation-wide. Most of these projects are so-called independent agencies, which operate on community level and offer a wide range of individualised support as for instance. job-finding, training and assistance at the workplace. Since the beginning of this decade, sheltered workshops have begun to set up transition programmes by using s.e. techniques and strategies. This lecture wants to point out the influence of the s.e. concept on the German rehabilitation system. This will be done by the example of the Bavarian Qualification Initiative for Disabled Employees in Sheltered Workshops. After a brief overview (Part 1) of the implementation and development of supported employment in Germany, Part 2 will focus on the qualification and integration programme in sheltered workshops, which was run by the main welfare organisations of Bavaria on behalf of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. In the first phase (1993-1995) 47 sheltered workshops with more than 500 people with severe disabilities took part in this project. The aim was to enable these participants to make a successful transition on the open labour market. Over a three year period the institutions had to develop individualised training courses and to put them into practice. The underlying concept combined traditional vocational rehabilitation methods (i.e. theoretical and practical lessons within the framework of sheltered workshops) with elements of the supported employment approach (i.e. apprenticeship, ongoing support on the work place). The efforts led to great success. More than 20 % of the participants could get a job on the open labour market till the end of 1995. In almost all cases a significant improvement of social, cognitive and vocational skills could be achieved. Despite of the encouraging results it became obvious, that the realisation of this project was a great challenge to the institutions involved. The implementation of an integration programme as a part of the rehabilitation concept had strong impacts on the structure, conception and self-understanding and led to intensive discussions regarding concrete actions to reform the institutions themselves. Based on the results of the evaluation, Part 3 describes the possibilities and barriers to convert the system towards a greater opening to the general labour market and tries to give a future perspective. '