Bibliographische Angaben zur Publikation
Moderating factors in return to work and job stability after traumatic brain injury
Kreutzer, Jeffrey S.; Marwitz, J. H.; Walker, W. [u. a.]
Virginia Commonwealth University, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 2003, Volume 18 (Number 2), Seite 128-138, Gaithersburg, Maryland: Aspen Publishers, ISSN: 0885-9701
To examine job stability moderating variables and develop a postinjury work stability prediction model.
Multicenter analysis of individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who returned for follow-up at 1, 2, and 3, or 4 years postinjury, were of working age (between 18 and 62 years of age at injury), and were working preinjury.
Six National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research TBI Model System centers for coordinated acute and rehabilitation care.
A total of 186 adults with TBI were included in the study.
Job stability was categorized as stably employed (employed at all 3 follow-up intervals); unstably employed (employed at one or two of all three follow-up intervals); and unemployed (unemployed at all three follow-up intervals).
After injury, 34 % were stably employed, 27 % were unstably employed, and 39 % were unemployed at all three follow-up intervals. Minority group members, people who did not complete high school, and unmarried people were more likely to be unemployed. Driving independence was highly influential and significantly related to employment stability. A discriminant function analysis, which included age, length of unconsciousness and Disability Rating Scale scores at 1 year postinjury, accurately predicted job stability groupings.
Data analysis provided evidence that employment stability is predictable with a combination of functional, demographic, and injury severity variables. Identification of people at risk for poor employment outcomes early on can facilitate rehabilitation planning and intervention.
Informationen in der ICF:
Zeitschriftenbeitrag / Forschungsergebnis
The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Um Literatur zu beziehen, wenden Sie sich bitte an Bibliotheken, die Herausgeber, den Verlag oder an den Buch- und Zeitschriftenhandel.