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Self-Esteem as an Outcome Measure in Studies of Vocational Rehabilitation for Adults With Severe Mental Illness


Autor/in:

Torrey, William C.; Mueser, Kim T.; McHugo, Gregory H. [u. a.]


Herausgeber/in:

American Psychiatric Association (APA)


Quelle:

Psychiatric Services, 2000, Volume 51 (February), Seite 229-233, Washington D. C.: Eigenverlag, ISSN: 1075-2730 (Print); 1557-9700 (Online)


Jahr:

2000



Abstract:


Objective:

Self-esteem is widely used as an outcome variable in studies of psychiatric rehabilitation, based on the assumption that improved functional status leads to higher self-esteem. Little is known, however, about the determinants of self-esteem among adults with severe mental illness. The utility of a popular measure of global self-esteem-the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale-as an outcome measure was examined in this population.

Methods:

A total of 143 participants enrolled in a study of vocational rehabilitation were assessed at baseline and six, 12, and 18 months later using measures of self-esteem, symptoms, life satisfaction, work status, housing status, and total income.

Results:

Scores on the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale did not vary with work status or other functional outcomes but instead were strongly related to measures of life satisfaction and affective symptoms.

Conclusions:

The hypothesis that working leads to improved self-esteem for people with severe mental illness was not supported. For this population, self-esteem, as measured by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, appears to be a relatively stable trait that reflects general life satisfaction and affective symptoms rather than objective functional status.


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Dokumentart:


Zeitschriftenbeitrag / Forschungsergebnis




Bezugsmöglichkeit:


Psychiatric Services
Homepage: https://ps.psychiatryonline.org/

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Referenznummer:

R/ZA0176


Informationsstand: 26.01.2004

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