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Race differences in a sample of vocational rehabilitation clients with traumatic brain injury


Autor/in:

Johnstone, Brick; Mount, D.; Gaines, T. [u. a.]


Herausgeber/in:

k. A.


Quelle:

Brain Injury, 2003, Volume 17 (Number 2), Seite 95-104, London: Taylor & Francis, ISSN: 0269-9052


Jahr:

2003



Abstract:


Objective:

To evaluate race differences in demographics, injury severity, and vocational outcomes for persons with TBI.

Participants:

Seventy-five individuals with TBI (13 African American, 62 Caucasian) who requested services from the Missouri Division of Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) over a 2-year period.

Measures:

Demographics (i. e. age, race, level of education), injury severity (i.e. LOC, PTA, length of hospitalization, neuropsychological test scores), VR services provided (e.g. transportation, maintenance, on-the-job training, etc.), and VR outcomes (successfully vs unsuccessfully employed; cost per case).

Procedure:

All participants completed a standard neuropsychological evaluation and completed VR services (i.e. were followed from enrollment to case closure).

Hypotheses:
African Americans and Caucasians would not differ in demographics or injury severity, although fewer African Americans would be successfully employed through DVR.

Analyses:
Chi-squares and non-parametric MANOVAs to evaluate race differences in terms of demographics, injury severity, vocational services provided and vocational out comes.

Results:

As hypothesized, there were few race differences in demographics or injury severity, although African Americans received significantly more transportation services (62 vs 21%). Contrary to hypotheses, there was no difference in the number of successfully employed African Americans (23%) vs Caucasians (18%).

Conclusions:

African Americans and Caucasians with TBI achieve similar vocational successes if they receive state VR services.


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Dokumentart:


Zeitschriftenbeitrag / Forschungsergebnis




Bezugsmöglichkeit:


Brain Injury
Homepage: https://www.tandfonline.com/loi/ibij20

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Referenznummer:

R/ZA1376


Informationsstand: 02.03.2004

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