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Musculoskeletal disability, chronic disease and labour force participation in Australia
Maria Crotty, Maria; Lynne C.; Ian D. Cameron, Ian D. [u. a.]
International Journal of Disability, Community and Rehabilitation (IJDCR), 2004, Volume 3 (Number 2), Kanada: Eigenverlag, Online-Ressource, ISSN: 1703-3381
There is growing evidence that individuals with chronic diseases have difficulty securing employment (Petrides, Petermann, Henrichs, Petzoldt, Rolver, Schidlmeier, Webber, & Wendt, 1995), are more likely to drop out of the labour force (Doeglas, Suurmeijer, Krol, Sanderman, Van Leewuwen, & Van Rijswijkl, 1995; Mitchell, 1990; Yelin, Henke, & Epstein, 1987) and rarely have workplace adjustments made to assist them (Baanders, Andries, Rijken, & Dekker, 2001).
With the ageing of the workforce the number of workers with chronic disease and disability will rise and the challenge to accommodate these groups in the workforce will increase. Of the chronic diseases the relationship between arthritis and work disability has probably had the most attention. National surveys examining arthritis have found that among people reporting symptomatic arthritis more than half will report some type of work disability (Dunlop, Manheim, Yeline, Song, & Chang, 2003) . More than 40% of 8.78 million people aged 51-61 reported work disability in the US 1992 Health and Retirement Study (Yelin, 1995).
A recent Australian review of the costs of arthritis used the National Health Survey to make estimates and found that arthritis is responsible for nearly 1.8 million days of reduced activity and about 213 000 days off work or school each year in Australia (Access Economics, 2001). The indirect costs including loss of earnings and lost production following premature retirement were triple the direct costs (
6.72 billion). Little however is known about how this compares to the impact of other disabling chronic diseases in Australia and little is known about the relationship of labour force participation with pain.
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International Journal of Disability, Community and Rehabilitation (IJDCR)
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