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Does 'welfare-to-work' work? A systematic review of the effectiveness of the UK's welfare-to-work programmes for people with a disability or chronic illness


Autor/in:

Bambra, Clare; Whitehead, Margaret; Hamilton, Val


Herausgeber/in:

k. A.


Quelle:

Social Science and Medicine, 2005, Volume 60 (Number 9), Seite 1905-1918, Oxford: Pergamon Press, ISSN: 0277-9536


Jahr:

2005



Abstract:


Welfare-to-work programmes promoting employment of people with a disability or chronic illness are an expanding aspect of welfare reform in the UK. What evidence is there of impact on employment outcomes? This paper presents a systematic review of the evidence on UK policy initiatives.

Both quantitative and qualitative studies were identified: 5399 abstracts were located, from which 16 studies were critically appraised. Overall, each of the five main welfare-to-work strategies operating in the 1990s helped people with disabilities into work, who were previously on benefits. The proportion of participants gaining employment after involvement ranged from 11% to 50%, dependent on characteristics of participants, such as ' job-readiness', as well as wider labour market context.

As most studies were uncontrolled, it was difficult to determine if the improved employment chances were due to the effectiveness of the welfare-to-work interventions themselves or to external factors. Wider impact, such as uptake of schemes as a proportion of the total target population, was weak. The qualitative components identified barriers and facilitators concerned with effective implementation, to aid design of future initiatives.


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Social Science and Medicine
Homepage: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/social-science-and-medicin...

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Referenznummer:

R/ZA2467


Informationsstand: 10.05.2005

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