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Identification of problems in individuals with spinal cord injury from the health professional perspective using the ICF: A worldwide expert survey


Autor/in:

Scheuringer, Monika; Kirchberger, Inge; Boldt, Christine; Eriks-Hoogland, I.; Rauch, A.; Velstra, Inge-Marie; Cieza, Alarcos


Herausgeber/in:

International Medical Society of Paraplegia


Quelle:

Spinal Cord, 2010, Volume 48 (Number 7), Seite 529-536, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK: Stockton Press, ISSN: 1362-4393 (Print); 1476-5624 (Online)


Jahr:

2010



Abstract:


Study design:

Worldwide Internet survey.

Objectives:

The specific aims of the study were
(1) to identify problems of individuals with SCI in the early post-acute and the long-term context, respectively, addressed by health professionals and
(2) to summarize these problems using the ICF.

Setting:

International.

Methods:

Physicians, nurses, physical therapists, occupational therapists, social workers and psychologists were asked for problems in the functioning and contextual factors of individuals with SCI using open-ended questions. All answers were translated ('linked') to the ICF based on established rules. Absolute and relative frequencies of the linked ICF categories were reported stratified by the context.

Results:

Out of 243 selected experts, 144 (59.3 percent) named 7.650 different themes, of which 78.8 percent could be linked to ICF categories. In the early post-acute context, 30.7 percent of the 88 categories belonged to the component Body Functions, 14.8 percent to Body Structures, 30.7 percent to Activities and Participation and 23.9 percent to Environmental Factors. In all, 16 ICF categories were unique for the early post-acute context. In the long-term context, 27.2 percent of the 92 categories belonged to the component Body Functions, 13.0 percent to Body Structures, 35.9 percent to Activities and Participation and 23.9 percent to Environmental Factors. A total of 20 ICF categories were unique for the long-term context.

Conclusion:

Health professionals identified a large variety of functional problems reflecting the complexity of SCI. Unique aspects of functioning exist for the early post-acute and the long-term context, respectively. The ICF provided a comprehensive framework to integrate answers from different professional backgrounds and different world regions.


Weitere Informationen:


Schlagworte:
Informationen in der ICF:


Dokumentart:


Zeitschriftenbeitrag / Forschungsergebnis




Bezugsmöglichkeit:


Spinal Cord
Homepage: https://www.nature.com/sc/

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Referenznummer:

R/ZA6100


Informationsstand: 11.08.2010

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