Bibliographische Angaben zur Publikation
A neuropsychological rehabilitation program for patients with Multiple Sclerosis based on the model of the ICF
Pusswald, Gisela; Mildner, Christa; Zebenholzer, Karin; Auff, Eduard; Lehrner, Johann
NeuroRehabilitation, 2014, Volume 35 (Number 3), Seite 519-527, Amsterdam: IOS Press, ISSN: 1053-8135 (Print); 1878-6448 (Online)
Forty to sixty percent of MS
patients suffer from cognitive impairments. Cognitive deficits are a great burden for patients affected. In particular they may lead to a reduced quality of life, loss of work and problems with the social environment.
The aim of this study was to evaluate a specific neuropsychological rehabilitation program for MS
patients according to the ICF
to be able to meet more properly individual requirements on the therapy level of function as well as of activities and participation.
Forty patients with MS
were randomised in an intervention (IG) - and a control group (CG). The outcome measure of the IG, who started an intensive computer based home training of attention and attended psychological counselling was compared to the untrained CG.
In specific domains of attention (simple and cued alertness and divided attention) significant group differences between CG and IG could be found. The IG reported an improvement of mental fatigue and retardation.
These findings support the idea that a neuropsychological rehabilitation program, which based on the model of ICF
, could improve cognitive impairment and could also have a positive influence of activities and participation.
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