Working atmosphere in residential facilities for disabled persons in Germany
In Germany, there are hardly any data on the subject "working atmosphere in social professions", especially not for the disability work. However, it is known that working atmosphere is not only important for the quality of teamwork in a company but also for the health of employees and for the success of a business or the quality of service in a facility.
As part of the BMBD-Study 400 carers in residential facilities for people with disabilities in Germany were questioned about the working atmosphere at their facility, inter alia. Then several factors were considered, which may have an impact on working atmosphere or vice versa, which may be influenced by working atmosphere. To determine possible correlations with the working atmosphere, the relevant questions were analyzed using univariate and bivariate methods, followed by a regression analysis.
We found that the working atmosphere in residential facilities for persons with disabilities particularly depends on the working conditions in these facilities. In this context poor staffing levels and a lack of work scheduling are of great importance. The working atmosphere is particularly bad where physical strain of the carers and care needs are great and where opportunities for participation are missing. The working atmosphere has considerable influence on job satisfaction of employees and job satisfaction in turn affects their health and as well the well-being and health of the residents.
An improvement in working conditions - and in particular in working time management and personnel management - could therefore have a significant impact on the working atmosphere in the institutions, with the sequence of positive health effects in workers and residents.